Marineflieger-
geschwader 1
The history of Marinefliegergeschwader 1 dates back until 1957. About nine months after the establishment of a naval air service, commissioning of the then 1. Marinefliegergruppe was ordered on 12.03.1957. The group was supposed to move to the former Air Force airfield Jagel, but as this was still occupied by RAF Units by that time, 1. Mflgrp. was - like every other naval air unit - established at Kiel-Holtenau.
Pilots for the new unit were trained by the US Navy since 1956, with operational conversion taking place at White Waltham/GB and Lossiemouth/GB between february and july 1958.
1. squadron was officially put into service by Kpt.z.S. Gaul on 19th may 1958. The squadron was equipped with the Armstrong Withworth Sea Hawk naval fighter bomber. Their assigned task was to secure the gateway between North- and Baltic Sea, as well as to protect naval shipping in both areas.
Sea Hawk Mk.100 in MFG 1 serviceFairey Gannet A.S. Mk.4 of MFG 1
One day later, 2. squadron, equipped with propeller driven Fairey Gannet sub hunter was put into service. After completion of rebuildments at Jagel, 1. squadron moved from it's training grounds in Great Britain to Jagel from 20th june 1958 onwards. 2. squadron followed a week later.
According to "Umgliederungsbefehl Nr.1 - Marine -" from 13th july 1959 the 1. naval air group was promoted to Geschwader (airwing) status.
Another major change happened in december the same year, when 1. Aufklaerungsstaffel (recce-squadron) of MFG 2 was transferred to MFG 1. The squadron  utilized Sea Hawk Mk.101 recce/fighter bombers. A mere two years later 2. squadron -  the Gannet subhunters - was put under control of MFG 2.
uncommon angle-of-view of a F-104G
1st october 1963 meant the beginning of the supersonic era for MFG 1, as the wing began transitioning to the new german standard weapons system Lockheed F-104G Starfighter.  The Starfighter was never the aircraft the Navy had wanted, but political pressure was to big. Navy's choice would have been a low-level, two-seated fighter bomber like the Blackburn Buccaneer.
Transition to the new type took almost two years, with the last Sea Hawk leaving Jagel on 30th june 1965.
The Starfighters career was the longest of any aircraft in MFG 1's history. Replacement arrived with the Panavia Tornado in 1982, when MFG 1 was selected as the first Bundeswehr unit to receive the new hi-tech aircraft - this probably best underlines the importentness of MFG 1's role within NATO. The basic layout of the Tornado was what naval aviators allways wanted, a fast, low-level, multirole, fighter bomber with a long range.
Tornado IDS of MFG 1 escorted by a RAF Tornado F.3 Interceptor
Nevertheless, Tornado could not break the F-104's record as - as a result of the changing political climate in europe - only 11 years after it's introduction into MFG 1, the air wing was disbanded on 31st december 1993.
Ten of the wing's 48 Tornados went to MFG 2, while the remaining aircraft now form the re-established Aufklaerungsgeschwader 51 (recce-wing) of the Bundesluftwaffe.
Alongside the already mentioned aircraft, the wing also used Fouga Magisters, Do-27 and Do-28 as well as Piaggio 149D aircraft as training and liaison hacks.
Also mentioned should be the Navy Display team "The Flying Fish". The team used five Sea Hawks and performed only a single public airshow in 1961.

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