Br. 1150 Atlantic
Br.1150 Atlantic of MFG 3

(taken from: unknown Internet source)

In march 1957 a multinational commitee came together to define the requirements for the new "Maritime Patrol Aircraft" (MPA). A year later all possible manufacturers were invited to submit their proposals.
To underline the MPA's multinational character it had to be an at least bi-lateral project. Due to this fact only two months later french company Bréguet signed a contract of cooperation with Avro, Dornier, Fokker and Sud Aviation.
In total 18 proposals of 26 companies from 8 countries were submitted. January 1959 saw NATO voting the Atlantic as the winning construction.
Shortly after the french government signed the official developmentcontract, Great Britain and the United States withdrew from the project as a result of growing pressure of the local aviation lobby. Nevertheless, Belgium was won as a new contractor.

Atlantic on patrol sortie

(taken from: unknown Internet source)

Toulouse-Blagnac was the place of the Atlantic's maiden flight on 21st october 1961. A setback to the project was the loss of the second prototype. After reinforcement of the wings, the Atlantic went into production and the first model was delivered to MFG 3 in 1966. The complete order included 20 aircraft.
The first batch consisted of 4 aircraft, which were tested extensively by the Bundesmarine. Tests included longrange flights of up to 20 hours and climatic tests in Canada.

Shortly after, MFG 3 received it's next Atlantic's and equipped two squadrons with them. They were to be used in the roles of: maritime reconaissance, subhunting, minelaying and Search and Resue. The Atlantic's ordnance consisted of torpedos (Mk.44), waterbombs (Mk.54), mines, A.S. 20 air-to-surface missiles, as well as conventional bombs in use by the German Airforce. As a means for detection and surveillance of enemy surface forces and submarines, the Atlantics were equipped with actice and passive sonar-bojues, a magnetic anomaly detector (MAD) and Radar.

Atlantic Prototype UC-301

(taken from: Navy Brochure)

In the beginning 1970s, most Atlantics had to be grounded due to corrosion. Till 1972 all aircraft were repaired and received improved landing-gear on the same occasion. Moreover the comabat-capability was enhanced during the process. Later on five Atlantics were modified as ECM platforms. They could be used in the fields of COMINT, ELINT and SIGINT.

1982 brought another improvement ot combatcapabilities in order to utilize the MPA for the next decades. 14 aircraft were refitted at Dornier and were designated Br.1150 ATL (KWS). Modifications icluded the incorporation of a complex ESM system. Unexpected problems with software availability and other faults, retarded the project, so that the last aircraft was delivered to Nordholz as late as 1987.

German Navy Atlantics not only protect the North Sea and access to the Baltic, but flew in the Bosnia crisies as well. The crews patroled the Adriatic Sea to ensure the embargo emposed on Jugoslavia. Since the begining of the crises, Atlantics keep patroling the area, either in the maritime surveillance role or in the intelligence gathering role.

A successor for the ageing Atlantic is not yet in sight and it will be operated well within the next century. In the begining 1990s the french Atlantique 2 and US P-3C Orion were proposed as a possible follw-up, but none of the two was acquired. A later contender was the projected Lockheed P-7 of which 12 aircraft were to be ordered. But the project saw cancelation due to exploding costs and change of political climate in europe.

A not yet modified Atlantic of MFG 3

(taken from: "Flugzeuge und Hubschrauber der Bundeswehr", Motorbuch Verlag)

Technical data:

Wingspan           : 38,06m
Length             : 31,80m
Height             :  11,30m
Weight empty       : 24000kg
max. Takeoff Weight: 44500kg
max. Speed         : 625km/h
Range              : 9200km
Serviceceiling     : 30000ft
Rolls-Royce Tyne 20 Mk.21
Thrust             : 9100kW
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